Types A and B. Epidemiology. The disease is transmitted through airborne droplets from the predominantly healthy bacillicarriers, individuals with acute nasopharyngitis meningococcal etiology, at least - from patients with meningitis. In children offices, dormitories and apartments are possible outbreaks. Meningococcus is widely distributed in nature, and it is often found in the mucus from the nose and throat of healthy people, especially children.

The susceptibility of humans to epidemic meningitis is low, get sick more often young children. It is obvious that the development of epidemic meningitis plays an important role reducing the body's resistance due to various diseases, including adenovirus, a cold, malnutrition, etc. gipovitamiiozami atrium is the mucous membrane of nose, throat and upper respiratory tract. Clinic. The incubation period is 1-4 days. Usually disease begins acutely - a rapid rise in temperature and chill.

Possible initial period, expressed in a small headache, weakness, subfebrile temperature, sweating, joint pain and catarrh of the phenomena upper respiratory tract infection that lasts 1-3 days. The disease can on this end, and recovery occurs, in other cases within a few hours booming picture of meningitis. The temperature rises to 39-40 , there is restlessness, agitation, or stupor, there may be blackout, convulsions, delirium. Hyperemic skin, sclera injected. Photophobia and hyperacusis appears, skin and muscle hyperesthesia. Often with a two-third day of cold sores are found on the lips, nose, ears. A patient is conscious and complains of severe headache, often early in the disease there is vomiting. Trying to change middle and bottom), merged into a single syndrome (meningeal). The tendon reflexes may be increased (Wide Area), and reduced. Often there are a variety of focal lesions of the nervous system: substance of the brain (meningo-encephalitis, meningomiyelit) or on the development of infiltrative neuritis. The typical posture meningeal - epistotonus, thrown back and holo wa pulled up to his stomach legs - with antibiotics rare (in case of insufficient treatment.) The blood has a high leukocytosis with a shift to the left.